Participants will engage in different types of facilitation, discussion, and identify the challenges that … Be clear up front about expectations and intentions amongst participants and the facilitator. Treat participants with respect and consideration. Limit groups to 2-3 students each. Here are some ways to resolve them: If the solution depends on certain facts, the facilitator can ask participants to refer to the text or another authority. 10 meeting facilitation techniques to improve your skills Most skilled facilitators - just like most anyone who excels in any art, science, or sport - are made through study and practice. Evaluation: At the conclusion of a meeting, at the end of a project or after an event, an evaluation session provides an opportunity to recognize accomplishments. Maintaining discussions often means dealing as smoothly as possible with the problems that arise. Steinert, Y. Step back when a group is functional/functioning – help participants become independent learners; take control of their learning. Discussion Techniques. Roberts Rules? appoint a timekeeper with a second hand or a stopwatch. When we're facilitating in our small group, our main goal is to create discussion. Virtual facilitation best practices include having a plan to call on meeting participants as they have input to add. A group of two or three generally doesn’t need a leader to have a good discussion, but once the number reaches five or six, a leader or facilitator can often be helpful. While our faculty proudly focuses on being and becoming excellent classroom teachers, they are also active intellectuals and scholars. Facilitators to get prepared for your discussion group and then come back to this guide for the next steps. Medical Education, 38:286-293. Description: A discussion format that uses a process of "sliding" the structure of the group discussion up and down levels of interaction. It’s hard work facilitating. The facilitator can list both sides of the argument on the board. 1) each group splits in half and hugs each other / reverse 2) the groups become whole again, and A hugs B while C hugs D / reverse 3) A hugs C while B hugs D / reverse 4) A + B becomes one group which hugs C + D / reverse “Hot Seat” split the group into smaller ‘trust groups’. If you want to improve your facilitation skills and lead better meetings, try these 10 facilitation techniques. Feito, J. Your ability to make everyone comfortable, encourage everyone to speak up, enforce a respectful tone, and manage the pace will determine the quality of the discussion … Meta-planning is a simple technique that encourages individuals to express their thoughts on the issue under discussion. We want to challenge people to think about the topic at hand, and to create a safe environment for people to … The following are suggestions to get you started. Boice, R. (1996) First-Order Principles for College Teachers: Ten Basic Ways to Improve the Teaching Process (Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing Co.). Sometimes she doesn’t even need to be a member of the group, such as in the case of a consultant stepping in to mediate a dispute. Our generous Tuition promise scholarship makes it possible for you to graduate debt-free. & Jensen, M. (1977) Stages of Small Group Development. Small groups: Breaking up into small groups can be good for exploring ideas and discussing them in greater detail. Listing pros and cons: This is a good way to evaluate an idea. Group discussion is a continuous discussion, a live interaction in which you examine a subject or problem from different angles and viewpoints. A second strategy is to ask opinion questions occasionally (e.g., “How do you feel about this?”). Students are engaged in a learning environment that encourages them to be active learners, workers, and servers. I want to give you some ideas to help facilitate positive discussion in your small group… sarah@groupfacilitation.co.uk +44(0)7789 656566 In fact, a mentor once told me that my goal as a small-group leader was to never tell when I could ask. There are no clear cut positions or stands to be taken. Reframing - The focus can be on clarifying the assumptions behind the person’s argument and then inviting her or him to see alternative possibilities. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation, discussion, and identify the challenges that they expect to face and develop solutions using the tools presented. Most facilitation techniques require that the facilitator manage all time-keeping, take notes of all discussions, and work with the group to create rules under which the group will function while in session. Things to keep in mind when posing the following questions: those receiving them may not speak English as a first language, so please keep in mind … This … These techniques can be used to serve the needs of a group in exploring ideas and making decisions. Effective facilitation of a discussion involves the recognition and employment of different perspectives and different skills to create an inclusive environment. Experienced facilitators may have gathered and learned various techniques in supervising a group discussion and helping the group … What I really hear you saying is...”. Although we went through some of these tips in the presentation, it helps to have the tips in front of you during the discussion. Facilitation tools for meetings and workshops A compilation of tools and techniques for working in groups and facilitating meetings or workshops Seeds for Change ... contributing to discussion in the whole group, asking questions when they don't understand, … (2007) Allowing Not-Knowing in a Dialogic Discussion. It also lets people air gripes, often before they become major problems. When participants argue for the sake of argument, facilitators will usually lose if they take the bait. Straw polls: When faced with a list of options, straw polls provide an alternative to voting. This helps to get the sense of the group without forcing a decision and encourages people to express support for more than one idea. Workshops will introduce tools and techniques for facilitating group discussion and activities. Facilitating Discussion Groups Now that you’ve watched the presentation and the film and have everything ready, it’s time to lead the youth in a facilitated discussion. If such conflicts are left ambiguous, they may cause continuing trouble. Facilitation Being able to facilitate a discussion is being able to draw out the ideas, insights, perspectives and genius that exists in the team you are working with, while keeping the team focused on achieving their desired end goal. Participatory Facilitation Techniques 2 Technique How to apply in meetings Card Sorting is a way of gathering and organizing ideas that draws on the knowledge of the whole group. (Acrobat Format), Office Address The facilitator doesn’t need to be an expert in the content - the “what” - of the meeting. 3. Don’t evaluate, discuss or criticize. To Explore: Group discussions designed to explore one's own views and views of others. She or he can lay ground rules for discussion, such as asking participants to focus conflict on ideas rather than people and to resist being judgmental. The facilitator can encourage participants making unclear contributions to give examples and factual evidence of their points. Discussion groups are an excellent method for engaging students in learning and reinforcing course material. Tuckman, B. The second reason is that facilitation tools and techniques … Try giving each person two to four votes (depending on the length of the list and number of people) to distribute among the choices. Group discussion is not a debate in which you either support or oppose the topic. What surprises or challenges me? Berea is the only one of America’s top colleges that makes a no-tuition promise to every enrolled student. Instagram, Consumer Information & Student Right to Know, Consumer Information &Student Right to Know, Visit Berea College/Visitor Center & Shoppe. It can be challenging to involve everyone in a large group (often considered 50 or more people), but if you put planning and effort into it, you can draw on all of the tools you have available as an instructor–large and small group discussions, debates, case studies, learning games, role plays, problem-solving, etc., in addition to lecture. Allow participants to introduce themselves – you can even set up an ice breaker to have pairs of students introduce each other. Stopping and asking a participant to summarize where the discussion is at the point it appears to go off track may also help. The facilitator might say, “What I’m saying is…, but now I'd like you to share your perspective.” Turning the question back to the questioner forces him or her to take responsibility for his or her opinion. A well-designed online discussion engages students in an open-ended conversation that promotes deepened understanding of a topic. Deferring - Often, the best strategy is to invite participants to come up after the session and arrange for a time to talk about the disagreement further, and then move the discussion on to another topic. Participants will engage in different types of facilitation and discussion and identify the challenges that they expect to face. Creating a Collaborative Learning Environment Guidebook, Center for Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (University of Wisconsin-Madison). CPO 2164 Try these techniques…. Have someone from each small group give a summary report on the discussion. Another approach is to break down the group into still smaller task groups. You can To Raise Awareness: Group discussions designed to share specific information and to hear about the views and perspectives of others. Over-generalize behavior or have stereotypical expectations of participants (tokenism). by summarizing the main points. Ask for clarification if unclear about a participant’s intent or question. For example, a directive style of facilitation works well at the beginning of a meeting. Give all participants a voice- at the start highlight the value of a diversity of perspectives as an essential part of the process. Take pride in the role of facilitation, and enjoy watching the … Internet Resources From the Electronic Discussion on Group Facilitation The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online. To Decide: Group discussions designed to lead to a group … Share personal experiences rather than make general statements about groups of people (stereotyping). These techniques can be modified or combined to suit a group's needs. 1. ... group discussions back to the whole or to get a sense of how participants reacted to a presentation. Facilitators should adhere to the team’s own Small group discussion is so important, and really is the place where the Word can be applied as much as any other time. 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