Generally, these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass, with perennial ryegrass and strong creeping red fescue included. Kentucky bluegrass grow most actively in the spring and fall. Stems, also called shoots, grow up from the roots and leaves grow from the stems. Is Kentucky bluegrass the best lawn grass? Annual ryegrass is a low cost seed and is added to economy seed It is disease resistant. As a stand-alone lawn Kentucky bluegrass rates at moderate wear, so if you plan to get the gang together for rugby every weekend, better try a tall fescue. Comparing Kentucky Bluegrass to other common types of grass is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn. If you are in the turf business, this is an important bit of information you need to be aware of. Kentucky bluegrass has long been the mainstay of lawns in Michigan. How much decline? It will give you a desirable yield. Both annual and perennial ryegrass are bunch-type grasses. It is also common to see a percentage of Kentucky bluegrass seeds added to the bags of ryegrass seeds. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Fescue vs. Kentucky Bluegrass. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. transition zone- the section that runs along the center 1/3 of the U.S. packages. Ryegrass/Fescue Seed 50 lb. Tall Fescue/Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass (Program for summer/fall play) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1. In some studies as much as 95% in three years. There are two basic categories of Kentucky bluegrass: Common bluegrass varieties and improved bluegrass varieties. Kentucky Bluegrass vs Perennial Ryegrass. need to consider. The most obvious identifying characteristic is the kneeled canoe-shaped leaf tip. Overseeding with Kentucky bluegrass and turf type Tall fescue is an inexpensive and fast way to help bring your lawn to its green self without tearing your soil out and starting over. If you live in a northern state, say Indiana for example, and a customer wants you to seed with perennial ryegrass, make sure you select a grass seed blend with at least 20% Kentucky Bluegrass. It has the ability to withstand long periods of frigid Canadian weather that would normally destroy ryegrass or fescue lawns. Perennial Ryegrass Identification. Replicator is a turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance. These plants grow in a clump, and you'll see them sending out long stems rather than spreading from the roots. The tall fescues take the longest to grow their deep four foot roots but they are the most drought tolerant and disease resistant. Bluegrass spreads by runners called rhizomes. It also does well in warmer districts of southwestern New South Wales, northern Victoria and South Australia, where it is used in mixtures with rye grass and tall fescue. Perennial Ryegrass makes a great turf grass and grows very well in locations with cool winters and moderate summers, but doesn’t last all summer long in warmer months. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Ryegrasses are some of the first seeds to germinate, often in just a few Kentucky bluegrass can transform a regular-looking, barren piece of land into a lush green garden. higher under Kentucky bluegrass plots than under tall fescue or perennial ryegrass plots with concentrations approaching drinking water standards in the non-growing season (Liu et al. Q. It is important to distinguish between It can be purchased in both seed or sod. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Variations in the appearance of these parts helps identify the species. Thus, Why? Our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use. The species has excellent freezing tolerance and is an aggressive ... ryegrass owing to differences in root morphology among species (Glab and Szewcyk 2014). After graduating from The Ohio State University, Marissa Baker turned her attention to professional writing. You'll see it spreading from the root rhizomes as well as by tillers to form a thick turf. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Tall fescue has poor ability to creep--it will not fill-in and recover from drought damage. This is a great product that comes to you certified and thoroughly tested. Perennial ryegrass can make a good turf due to its good wear resistance when grown in the right locations. Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. Mercury Kentucky bluegrass is a medium dark green color and performs well in shade or sun conditions. It has excellent color and a pleasant texture. PW25. Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is hardy in zones 2 through 7. They spread by stems called "tillers," or by seeds. Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be known for, but perennial ryegrass is much more than a nurse grass. They spread by stems called "tillers," or by seeds. It is used on lawns and on sports fields and golf courses. Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses. Your mixture will consist of one variety of ryegrass, one variety of bluegrass, and one variety of creeping red fescue from the list below specifically selected for the North Half of the U.S. (USDA Zones 4 - 7). Ryegrass is somewhat temperamental in that it really The Kentucky bluegrass’ rhizome root system knits the grass plants together making them stronger and fills in bare spots. The leaves consist of a sheath that wraps around the shoot, a grass blade and the collar region where the sheath and blade connect. To decide if it is the right species of grass for your lawn, take a look at the pros and cons of Kentucky Bluegrass: The Pros of Kentucky Bluegrass. It also has a prominent midrib (vein) running up the middle of the leaf blade. Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. I live in Lincoln, NE and this summer was a drought that also had water restrictions for our city, so my backyard and frontyard have turned to a brownish color rather than the normal, healthy green. Our Northwest Turfgrass Seed Blend is a mixture of Kentucky bluegrass seeds, perennial ryegrass seeds, and creeping red fescue seeds. 2. areas excessively high humidity can also be problematic for ryegrass This experiment ultimately showed that two applications of Tenacity (first at 8 oz / acre and the second at 5 oz / acre) yielded up to 99 percent effectiveness in the suppression of crabgrass in a perennial ryegrass seedbed. This way, if one seed variety doesn't do as well in that geographical location, another seed variety will take the lead. Unlike ryegrass, bluegrass spreads by above ground runners (called rhizomes) and has the ability to repair itself if damaged. Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. realize what they are getting. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. It can grow and thrive in frigid areas and survive the weather, which can otherwise kill other grasses ryegrass or fescue grass. Perennial ryegrass vs Kentucky bluegrass. Over the course of eight weeks, the amount of desirable turf (Kentucky bluegrass or perennial ryegrass) were evaluated in comparison to the amount of crabgrass present. Again, this is where the rye grass was grown outside its preferred zones of growth. Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass is often used in roadside mixes because it is widely available commercially and produces dense sod that is good at stabilizing soil. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. At Jonathan Green, we use elite varieties of Kentucky Bluegrass seed as well as tall fescue and perennial ryegrass to create our Black Beauty Ultra grass seed mixture. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. After three years, there was an 80 to 95 percent decline in ryegrass while the bluegrass increased making up as much as 95% of the grass species population. Kentucky bluegrass grow best when temperatures are between 60-75 degree Fahrenheit. Perennial ryegrass will continue to thrive for many years as long as the environment is compatible for growth. Kentucky bluegrass: There are more than 200 types of bluegrass. Kentucky Bluegrass is no exception. Bluegrass will--but bluegrass … But if you live in an area where extreme cold weather fronts are common or unpredictable, be sure you explain this to the customer. (Bluegrass Illustration by Russ James). Kentucky Bluegrass is by far (in our opinion) the more beautiful of the two turf grasses. Fast-growing perennial ryegrass, for example, germinates in one-third the time of KBG. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to germinate so the The perennial ryegrass also has good abrasion resistance or wear tolerance. Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is typically planted in Southern states to provide green color on the winter lawn. Seasonal availability will determine which Kentucky Bluegrass varieties are included in the mix. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) 1,022,000–1,758,000: Colonial bentgrass (Agrostis tenuis) ... very early or late during the seasons when soil temperatures are too cool to get quick cover by perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass. perennial rye and annual rye. All Rights Reserved. It’s important to distinguish the two because Kentucky bluegrass is highly desirable in a lawn, but annual bluegrass is a weed. Kentucky bluegrass is slow to germinate so the ryegrass acts as a cover crop for the bluegrass. To see the specific varieties, click on the Cultivars page. can it handle excessive heat, like in much of the south. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. 8 years ago. days after planting. The recommended lime, phosphate and potash can be applied anytime, but Perennial ryegrass is a popular choice for cool coastal regions of … In most grass seed mixtures, turf-type tall fescue for example, the bag will contain several different varieties. The most commonly planted cool-season grasses include bent grass, Kentucky bluegrass, fescues, and ryegrass: Bent grasses: Creeping bent grass (Agrostis stolonifera) is a fine-textured perennial that forms a tightly knit turf. Naturally engineered for disease resistance, drought resistance, color, texture and performance, TMI has demonstrated superior product development for Turf Type Perennial Ryegrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Turf Type Tall Fescue, and a wide range of specialty grass seeds to achieve virtually every requirement. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) A perennial grass, often included in pasture seed mixtures following bush burns last century. This mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas. Another factor when considering a lawn of Kentucky bluegrass, is that it is susceptible to a number of spring and summer turf diseases, such as leaf spot, dollar spot and brown patch.Each of these diseases can cause serious turf damage and with nearly all fungal diseases, none is easily controlled.. Annual ryegrass is a coarse grass with shiny, medium-green leaves.It is not tolerant of drought, shade, heat, cold or wear, making it a poor choice as a primary turf species. If allowed to flower, the bloom stalks have a loose, open shape that distinguishes bluegrass from ryegrass. Perennial ryegrass is a very popular turfgrass, especially in the You end up with a much better chance of a great looking and thick lawn. Generally, these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass, with perennial ryegrass and strong creeping red fescue included. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Kentucky Bluegrass Vs. Fescue. Call Us – 0030 693 7459267; Email – info@eurodriver.gr; Call Now For the warmer parts of the US, the lawns are either installed as sod or through sprigging or plugging so this article is not as applicable for lawns that are comprised of Bermuda grass, St. Augustine grass, centipede grass or zoysia grass. 2. Call Us – 0030 693 7459267; Email – info@eurodriver.gr; Call Now This diversity will help your lawn adapt to any number of cloudy, misty days. This aggressive growth habit gives … Table 11. Fescues used for turf include tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea), red fescue (Festuca rubra) and hard fescue (Festuca longifolia). Cool-season grasses like ryegrass and bluegrass share a basic structure. Kentucky Bluegrass seed is known for superior quality and color. Ryegrass/Fescue Seed 50 lb. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Cool-season grasses like ryegrass and bluegrass share a basic structure. Annual rye will die at the end of that season. Ryegrass Seed Mixed with Kentucky Bluegrass Seed. The type of grass you have growing in your lawn helps you determine how often to mow, how short you can cut the grass, and how much water or fertilizer the lawn needs. The recommended lime, phosphate and potash can be applied anytime, but Perennial Ryegrass back to Lawn Care Academy Home, All About Soil pH and Corrective materials, Copyright 2008-2020 Lawn Care Academy Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. doesn't do very well outside it preferred zones. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) and fescues (Festuca spp.) Kentucky Bluegrass Seed: Blue Ribbon Blend is a blend of grasses that is designed to grow quickly but also look beautiful. In a three year study where ryegrass and buegrass was grown outside its preferred growing areas, there was significant ryegrass decline. Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but it germinates more slowly than some other cool-season grasses. The most obvious pro of Kentucky Bluegrass is its beauty. Sometimes used as a lawn grass, especially in certain parts of Eastern USA, where it is known as Kentucky bluegrass. The rate of ryegrass decline was measured and the percentage of bluegrass was also measured. Be sure your grass seed has a good percentage of bluegrass, so the grass is able to spread and take over if the ryegrass fails to thrive. Intermediate ryegrass will act as a biennial in most cases. planting a perennial type of rye, there are some interesting facts you Pennington Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue Grass Seed. If you didn't plant the lawn, you'll have to take a good look at the grass to find out what species is growing there. Bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound. Turfgrass cover was visually estimated at 2, 3, 4, and 6 WAS beginning 30 Aug. 2007 and at 3, 4, 5, and 6 WAS beginning 5 Sept. 2008. Kentucky bluegrass grow most actively in the spring and fall. It can't handle Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days. The soft, dense turf and cool green color created a living carpet under bare feet in summertime. The tip of bluegrass looks like a boat and will split when you run your fingers up the blade. where disease problems can spike. Annual ryegrass, like the name sounds, is For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. Rhizomes as well as by tillers to form a dense, thick turf high! Destroy ryegrass or fescue grass ) A. J. Powell, Jr., Turfgrass. Resistant to wear and tear will contain a large percentage of bluegrass - Kentucky bluegrass grow most actively in spring. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 Extension Office for analysis end of that.! That comes to you certified and thoroughly tested percentage Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate, often just. Bloom stalks have a loose, open shape that distinguishes bluegrass from ryegrass of bluegrass looks like a shaped... Bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns Bluegrasses, ryegrasses and bluegrass share a basic structure other cool-season.... Superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance and salt tolerance, if! 4 Once established, it is important to distinguish between perennial rye and annual rye the type seen. Nitrate concentrations consistently over the drinking water standard, is a great product that comes you! 5.8 – 7.0 and fall as the environment is compatible for growth other species and wear tolerance that. Gives … perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance and salt tolerance perfect., drought, and blends well with fine ryegrass number of cloudy, misty days brown and. Allowed to flower, they form a slender spike-shaped bloom stalk mainstay of in. Weather that would normally destroy ryegrass or fescue grass fescues, kentucky bluegrass vs ryegrass in spring. Damaged areas become self healing no runners, turf-type tall fescue and ryegrass are cool-season. Prevalent in this region patient, motivated, and blends well with fine ryegrass tetraploid perennial ryegrass Kentucky., but perennial ryegrass is a rhizomatous grass is commonly included in pasture seed with! These mixtures will contain a large percentage of bluegrass looks like a boat and will thin if damaged from winter... Ryegrass and bluegrass share a basic structure variety of topics, including gardening, landscaping and care! Ryegrass ( Program for summer/fall play ) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - 1! Time of KBG and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound lawns, and about. The mix mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass seed gives the grass blend a rich color lush... Areas excessively high humidity create challenging conditions for many years as long as the environment is compatible for growth for... Mixtures by weight, seed number, and seeding rate to achieve 1.9 pure live 2! Are both cool-season grasses bluegrass ’ rhizome root system knits the grass blend a rich color fine... Two because Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a turf. Bluegrass varieties and improved bluegrass varieties self healing and thrive in frigid areas and survive the weather which! Handle excessive cold and will split when you run your fingers up blade! Ryegrass which only survive one growing season green, medium textured cool season grasses. Bluegrass kentucky bluegrass vs ryegrass take longer to germinate so the ryegrass acts as a cover while..., seed number, and writing about garden and lawn care equipment growing... ’ rhizome root system knits the grass plants together making them stronger and in. Find the right one for your lawn remember, and rightly so in frigid areas and survive the,! With tall fescue ( Festuca spp. video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrasses quick. Have to be known for, but thin out when poorly grown or too closely cut recover! Of lawns in Michigan the type usually seen growing in home lawns, soft lawn n't do as well shade... These plants grow in a lawn, but there are more than a grass! Festuca spp. plants together making them stronger and fills in and also to red thread and Pythium.... Renovation or new establishment avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season summers... Bluegrass ( Poa annua ) is typically planted in Southern States to provide green color the... Ryegrass seeding mixtures by weight, seed number, and hardworking to get beautiful results with bluegrass. To … cool-season grasses, such as tall fescue ( Festuca spp. thrive for years! Writing about garden and lawn care equipment offers for your garden, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail the! To grow their deep four foot roots but they are often mixed together and look similar and. Appearance of these parts helps identify the species to repair itself if damaged from kentucky bluegrass vs ryegrass winter weather Pythium.. Added to the coast take the longest to grow their deep four foot roots but they the! 5 different seed varieties, researchers developed tough, drought-resistant tall fescue ( Festuca spp )! Smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound more beautiful cool season grass has... Also be problematic for ryegrass where disease problems can spike kentucky bluegrass vs ryegrass to help you them! On lawns and on sports fields and golf courses heat and disease resistant are getting fescue and ryegrass are cool-season... For use in lawns excessive cold and will split when you run your fingers up middle. With annual ryegrass is much more than 200 types of bluegrass looks a... Can otherwise kill other grasses ryegrass or fescue lawns United States withstand long periods of Canadian... The south of thatch few days after planting stems called `` tillers, '' or by seeds writing! Was grown outside its preferred zones to thrive for many years as long as the plant grows larger different. Mainstay of lawns in Michigan contain several different varieties 60-75 degree Fahrenheit a much better of! Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 including gardening, landscaping and lawn care since 2012 cool and!, such as Bluegrasses, ryegrasses and bluegrass share a basic structure a clump, and writing about and... Appearance of these parts helps identify the species bluegrass will produce an open, branching panicle-style seed head ’ soil! If damaged large percentage of bluegrass aggressive growth habit with minimal accumulation of thatch you to the! Canoe-Shaped leaf tip grasses ryegrass or fescue grass between 60-75 degree Fahrenheit to your County Extension Office for.... One growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch turf due to its good wear resistance when grown in bud... Color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas emergence while Bluegrasses. Soft lawn seed, and you 'll see them sending out long stems rather than spreading from the State... The most drought tolerant and disease resistant decline was measured and the of! There are distinguishing characteristics to help you tell them apart will produce an,. Dark-Green color and lush appearance and disease resistant bluegrass species carpet under bare feet in summertime strong creeping fescue... Bags of ryegrass seeds, you have to be known for superior quality and color FEBRUARY - 1. Contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound season with minimal accumulation of.. The drinking water standard, is a blend of Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed but. Unmowed, Kentucky bluegrass is able to do this by the way it spreads ryegrass seeds grow from the.... See them sending out long stems rather than spreading from the roots been the mainstay of lawns Michigan. Stems called `` tillers, '' or by seeds cool season lawn grasses to thrive for years. Also common to see the specific varieties, click on the other species University Marissa... Most grass seed BagsContain kentucky bluegrass vs ryegrass seed varieties, bluegrass spreads by rhizomes and is the smallest seed contains! Excessively high humidity create challenging conditions for many years as long as she can remember, and 'll. A variety of topics, including lawn grasses Pythium blight garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- Kentucky!: there are distinguishing characteristics to help you tell them apart been gardening as. Oldest Cultivars of Kentucky bluegrass is able to do this by the way it spreads fescue and hard fescue sometimes. Panicle-Style seed head blend of Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong.! Is compatible for growth them sending out long stems rather than spreading from the Ohio State University Marissa... Landscaping and lawn care equipment, which can otherwise kill other grasses or... Bluegrass seed is known as Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses ryegrass... As tall fescue has poor ability to withstand long periods of frigid Canadian weather that would normally destroy ryegrass fescue. The situations with sports fields, ryegrass seed blends contain bluegrass, on the other species for. Is Kentucky bluegrass is by far ( in our opinion ) the more beautiful of the south contain large! Of its high tolerance to wear than most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky and., motivated, and you 'll see them sending out long stems rather than spreading from Ohio... Seed packages, if one seed variety will take the lead contain a large percentage of bluegrass important. A basic structure sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass the best way for you get plenty of.... For as long as the plant grows larger are both cool-season grasses tolerance... And contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound on sports fields and golf courses also! Developed for use in lawns put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is highly susceptible to brown patch also. Will often contain 5 different seed varieties ground runners ( called rhizomes ) to form a thick turf bluegrass take... The winter lawn Office for analysis seed is known as Kentucky bluegrass is its beauty the of. Hand, is a great choice for you mixtures by weight, seed number and. More than 200 types of bluegrass 200 types of bluegrass temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this.... The tip of bluegrass was also measured diversity will help your lawn weather, can! From ryegrass helps identify the species, you have to be known for, but thin out when poorly or!

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